Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), often called the signature wound of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, occurs when a sudden trauma or head injury disrupts the function of the brain. Common causes of TBI include damage caused by explosive devices, falls and vehicle or motorcycle accidents. Most reported TBI among Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom service members and veterans has been traced back to Improvised Explosive Devices, or IEDs, used extensively against Coalition Forces.
TBI may happen from a blow or jolt to the head or an object penetrating the brain. When the brain is injured, the person can experience a change in consciousness that can range from becoming disoriented and confused to slipping into a coma. The person might also have a loss of memory for the time immediately before or after the event that caused the injury. Not all injuries to the head result in a TBI.
Symptoms of TBI:
According to the Dept. of Veteran Affairs http://www.polytrauma.va.gov/understanding-tbi/ (http://www.polytrauma.va.gov/understandingtbi/)
Symptoms depend on the severity of the TBI which also affects the rate of recovery.
Physical changes and/or issues, problems walking, fatigue
Changes in behavior
Problems with thinking skills
Headaches, dizziness, irritability
Problems paying attention.